Acute Knee Injuries
Knee injuries are common amongst the general population and can range from acute sporting and twisting injuries to degeneration and arthritis in the elderly. Structures including ligaments, tendons, cartilage and joint surfaces can cause pain. The lumbar spine, hip and feet can also contribute to knee pain.
Often occur in athletes involved in sports or in activities involving rapid changes of direction including, twisting, pivoting and kicking. Such injuries often involve tearing of the meniscus (cartilage) or ligaments of the knee. Minor tears will heal over time, however major tears may require surgical repair (e.g. ACL reconstruction).
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
This syndrome refers to the gradual onset of pain at the front of the knee that arises from the joint between the patella (kneecap) and the femur. This is typically caused by biomechanical issues, muscle imbalances, or weakness at the hip resulting in poor tracking of the patella in the groove of the femur (trochlea). Over time this causes irritation to the joint. If left untreated symptoms often gradually become worse over time and may limit your ability to participate in sport or activity.
Treatment typically involves addressing the muscle imbalances and weaknesses in the hip and knee, taping, advice on footwear and activity modification.
For more on the knee, or If you are seeking help and want relief from knee pain